高雄,南臺灣最大的城市 Visiting Kaohsiung, Southern Taiwan’s Largest City

作者/Taiwan Scene

【本文由 Taiwan Scene委託,旅飯合作刊登】


Not long ago, Kaohsiung wasn’t really on the international travel map. Sure, people in Taiwan knew it was a pretty relaxed city, but most international travelers visiting Taiwan chose the bright lights of Taipei, the majesty of Hualien, the history of Tainan or the scenery of Taitung over the arguably more subtle charms of Taiwan’s third-largest city. Slowly but surely, this has been changing, and Kaohsiung is working hard (but in a relaxed way, because unlike Taipei, Kaohsiung is a relaxed town) to open itself up to the international travel set.


Kaohsiung’s efforts have not gone unnoticed – in 2018, venerable travel giant Lonely Planet put the city on its annual Top Ten Must Visit Cities list, putting Kaohsiung firmly on the international travel map.

《Taiwan Scene》是高雄的忠實粉絲,其中最重要的原因是去高雄旅行讓我們能夠在短暫的假期間,遠離充滿壓力的台北。這次,我們將介紹高雄的歷史、地理位置、交通方式,以及造訪高雄不能錯過的旅遊大小事!

At ⟪Taiwan Scene⟫, we’re big fans of Kaohsiung for a bunch of reasons (not the least of which being that heading down to Kaohsiung on tours and research trips gives us a few days away from the hectic, stressed out pace of our home city, Taipei). In this article, we’ll offer readers a brief introduction to Kaohsiung, including a bit about its history, geographic layout, getting to, from and around the city, and, most importantly, what to do when you get there.


Kaohsiung: A brief Introduction


Kaohsiung is southern Taiwan’s largest city, further south than even Tainan (whose name literally translates to “South Taiwan”). Though this may come as a surprise to some, it makes sense when consider-ing that the city’s fairly recent historical origins. While Tainan was the southern capital of Taiwan for cen-turies, Kaohsiung only came into existence as a city during the Japanese colonial period. Nearby Tainan lacked a navigable harbor, prompting the Japanese to create a new city further south to facilitate the shipment of goods from southern Taiwan. While Tainan still retains its clout as southern Taiwan’s cultural hub, the now-smaller city has long been eclipsed by Kaohsiung in terms of population, modernity, and eco-nomic importance.


Kaohsiung’s Top Experiences


1. 蓮池潭、龍虎塔與高雄孔廟

Lotus Pond & The Dragon and Tiger Pagodas & Kaohsiung Confucius Temple


Though lacking the dynasty-spanning histories of other Taiwanese cities, Kaohsiung is no slouch when it comes to history and culture. A quick walk from the Zouying HSR Station brings you to Lotus Lake, home to the Kaohsiung Confucius Temple and, most notably, Kaohsiung’s most famous landmark, The Dragon and Tiger Pagodas. When you visit these structures, be sure and enter through the dragon’s mouth and exit through the tiger’s for maximum luck.

※      蓮池潭與龍虎塔

※ Lotus Pond & The Dragon and Tiger Pagodas

Add: Liantan Rd., Zuoying Dist., Kaohsiung City
Transportation: Take Bus Red 51B or Red 35 from HSR Zuoying Station and get off at Lotus Pond Station

※       高雄孔廟

※ Kaohsiung Confucius Temple

Add: No.400, Liantan Rd., Zuoying District, Kaohsiung City
Transportation: Take the THSR to Zuoying Station or TRA to Xinzuoying Station & Take Bus Red 51B or 301 from HSR Zuoying Station and get off at Lotus Pond Station

2. 鳳儀書院


To the east of the city center, the Fongyi Academy is a whimsical recreation of a traditional Chinese academy, complete with colorful life-sized statue representations of various characters from the era. There’s a space where you can dress up in Qing dynasty garb, and for those looking for a more serious take on history, next door to the Fongyi Academy is the Fongshan Chenghuang Temple, a more traditional Tao-ist Temple.

※ 鳳儀書院
交通:A. 搭乘捷運橘線鳳山站(O12)2號出口→沿光遠路步行→ (1) 曹公路右轉鳳明街(步行時間:6分) (2)鳳山中正路左轉鳳明街(步行時間8分)


1. 衛武營國家藝術文化中心

同樣位於高雄東邊,新開幕的衛武營國家藝術文化中心,擁有全世界最大單一屋頂劇院的稱號。這座巨大的建築群(由荷蘭建築師Francine Houben設計)佔地9.9頃,坐落在一個鬱鬱蔥蔥的公園的東北角,獨樹一格的景致非常值得到此一遊,建議攜帶空拍機或廣角鏡頭,可拍攝別緻的全景照。

Also in the east side of town, the newly-opened National Kaohsiung Center For The Arts (WeiWuYing) holds the official title of world’s largest performing arts center under one roof. This mas-sive complex (designed by Dutch architect Francine Houben) spans 9.9 hectares and sits in the northeast corner of a vast lush park. It’s absolutely worth visiting, and definitely hard to photograph without a drone or wide-angle lens.


※ National Kaohsiung Center For The Arts (WeiWuYing)

Add: No. 1, Sanduo 1st Rd., Fongshan Dist., Kaohsiung City
Transportation: Take the metro to Weiwuying Station (O10) Exit 6

2. 最美麗的捷運站:美麗島站

來高雄絕對要來美麗島捷運站欣賞知名的「光之穹頂」,「光之穹頂」由義大利藝術家Narcissus Quagliata建造,紀念台灣民主的誕生。美麗島捷運站是以「美麗島事件」命名,「美麗島事件」發生在1979年台灣戒嚴時期,對民主示威行動的一次鎮壓。「光之穹頂」由4,500塊玻璃板組成,為世界上最大的玻璃藝術品。

Of course, no visit to Kaohsiung would be complete without a stop at Formosa Boulevard Station to catch a glimpse of that station’s famous Dome of Light. Designed and created by Italian artist Narcissus Quagliata, the Dome of Light commemorates the birth of Taiwan’s democracy. The Formosa Boulevard station is named after the Kaohsiung Incident, a crackdown on pro-democracy demonstrations that occurred in Kaohsiung in1979 during Taiwan’s martial law period. The Dome of Light is made of 4,500 glass panels, making it the world’s largest work of glass art.


※ Formosa Boulevard

Add: B1, No. 115, Zhongshan 1st Rd., Xinxing Dist, Kaohsiung City
Transportation: Take the metro to Formosa Boulevard Station (R10, O5)

3. 駁二藝術特區


The Kaohsiung government turned this abandoned warehouse site into a fully functioning arts center a decade ago, marking the city’s shift from industry to tourism. Managed by the Bureau of Cultural Affairs Kaohsiung City Government, there are a number of excellent venues worth visiting at Pier 2, including the Hamasen Museum of Taiwan Railway and the Moonlight Theater. There are also restaurants and cafes with sweeping views of the harbor and nearby mountains, as well as privately operated coffee stands of-fering single origin coffee and fresh baked goods.

地址: 高雄市鹽埕區大勇路1號

  1. 搭乘輕軌到駁二蓬萊站(C13)搭乘輕軌到駁二大義站(C12)
  2. 捷運:搭乘捷運橘線鹽埕站(O2)1號出口,沿大勇路向南步行約5分鐘即可到達。搭乘捷運橘線西子灣站(O1)2號出口,向東步行約2分鐘即可到達「駁二蓬萊倉庫」。


※ Pier-2 Art Center

Add: No.1, Dayong Rd., Yancheng Dist., Kaohsiung City
1.Circular light rail:
• Take the circular light rail to Penglai Pier-2 Station (C13)
• Or take the circular light rail to Dayi Pier-2 Station (C12)
• Take the metro to Yanchengpu Station (O2) Exit 1 → Walk along Dayong Rd (5 min walk from Yanchengpu Station)
• Or take the metro to Xiziwang Station (O1) Exit 2 → Head East and you’ll arrive at Pier-2 Penglai Warehouse in 2 minutes


1. 壽山國家自然公園


To the west of the city sits Kaohsiung Harbor, and one of Taiwan’s most amazing urban parks. Though technically inside of the city itself, Shoushan is a world apart from the (comparatively relaxed) urban hustle of Kaohsiung. The mountain has endless trails to hike up and on, and is home to hundreds of Formo-san Macaque monkeys who aren’t shy about coming down to beg (or steal) snacks from hikers. The best times to see them are in the early morning and late afternoon, and feeding them is definitely discouraged. Shoushan Mountain is also an excellent place to get great panoramic shots of Kaohsiung.

交通: 搭乘56號公車到壽山動物園站
電話: 07-522-1010

※ Shoushan National Nature Park

Add: No.301, Wanshou Rd., Gushan Dist., Kaohsiung City
Transportation: Take bus 56 to Shoushan Zoo Station

2. 高雄忠烈祠


On the southern slope of the mountain is the Kaohsiung Martyr’s Shrine. Originally established during the years of Japanese rule as the Takao Kotohira Shrine and dedicated to Omononushi-no-Mikoto and Em-peror Sutoku, the shrine was renamed “The Kaohsiung Martyr’s Shrine in 1946, demolished after Japan switched recognition to the PRC in 1972, and rebuilt in the following years in a more traditionally Chinese style. Of the original shrine, little is left outside but a few stone lanterns lining the walk. It’s an excellent place to watch the sun go down over the harbor, or to stretch out after hiking up nearby Shoushan.

地址: 高雄市鼓山區忠義路32號
交通: 搭乘56號公車到情人觀景台站
電話: 07-521-0368

※ Sizihwan Bay

Add: Lianhai Rd., Gushan Dist., Kaohsiung City
Transportation: Take the metro to Sizhiwan Station (O1) and then take the circular light rail to Hamasen Station (C14)

3. 沿著西子灣騎腳踏車(Cycling along Sizihwan Bay)


Finally, Kaohsiung’s Sizihwan Bay is known for its beautiful sunset, and has excellent biking and running trails. It’s an especially nice spot to stroll in the evening.

地址: 高雄市鼓山區蓮海路
交通: 搭乘捷運橘線到西子灣站(O1)、 搭乘輕軌到哈瑪星站(C14)

※ Sizihwan Bay

Add: Lianhai Rd., Gushan Dist., Kaohsiung City
Transportation: Take the metro to Sizhiwan Station (O1) and then take the circular light rail to Hamasen Station (C14)


Kaohsiung: Where and What To Eat

1. 旗津島海鮮


As befits a port city, seafood is always a good bet anywhere in Kaohsiung. One of the best places to get great seafood is on Cijin Island, accessible by a quick ferry ride from just in front of the Pier Two Art Cen-ter (which is itself a pretty hip place to hang out). The island has tons of restaurants serving everything from sashimi to lobster, and if you’re more in the mood to stroll and dine you’ll find tons of places serving local favorites like braised squid on a stick and grilled octopus.

地址: 高雄旗津區海岸路10號
交通: A.搭乘捷運橘線到西子灣站(O1),(1)步行到鼓山渡輪站,搭乘渡輪到旗津島。 (2) 搭乘捷運橘線到西子灣站(O1),步行到鼓山渡輪站,搭乘渡輪到旗津島。 B. 搭乘輕軌至蓬萊站(C13)或哈瑪星站(C14),步行約3分鐘至棧貳庫,轉乘渡輪至旗津島。

※ Cijin Shuttle Boat Station

Add: No. 10, Hai’an Rd., Qijin Dist., Kaohsiung City
1.Take the metro to Sizihwan Station (O1) → Walk to Gushan Terminal to take the ferry to Cijin Island.
2.Take the metro to Sizihwan Station (O1) Exit 2 → Take a 3-minute walk to Kaohsiung Port warehouse No.2 → Take the ferry to Cijin Island
3.Take the circular light rail to Penglai Pier-2 Station (C13) or Hamasen Station (C14) → Take a 3-minute walk to Kaohsiung Port warehouse No.2 → Take the ferry to Cijin Island

2.水果冰果店(Fruit & Shaved Ice)


Being a hot city located in the heart of one of Taiwan’s most agriculturally productive areas, it’s only natural that one of the most popular treats in Kaohsiung involves blending fresh fruits and shaved ice. While you’re in town, definitely look for one of these shops where you can get a huge bowl of sweetened shaved ice served with heaping portions of locally grown fruits like pineapple, bananas or mango. While you can find this treat all around Taiwan, you can expect the fruit in Kaohsiung to be fresher and the servings way larger.

※ 大碗公冰品創始店
地址: 高雄市鼓山區濱海一路107號
交通: 搭乘捷運橘線到西子灣站(O1) 、搭乘輕軌到哈瑪星站(C14)

※ Daonegong Shaved Ice Shop(大碗公冰品 創始店)

Add: No. 107, Binhai 1st Road, Gushan District, Kaohsiung City
1.Take the metro to Sizihwan Station (O1)
2.Take the circular light rail to Hamasen Station (C14)

※ 阿婆仔冰

※ Apo Shaved Ice Shop (阿婆仔冰)

Add: No. 150, Qixian 3rd Road, Yancheng District, Kaohsiung City
Transportation: Take the metro to Yanchengpu Station(O2) Exit 2
Contact: 07-5513180

3. 關東煮(Oden )


Taiwanese Oden is a popular snack that you’ll see people munching on everywhere around Taiwan. It’s one of the first things you’ll see at any 7-11, consisting of various stewed meat and fish balls floating in broth along with corn, root vegetables and other tasty items. But the dish is especially popular in Kaohsiung, where they take it to new levels by offering a wider variety of items and sauces to tickle your taste buds.


Jing-Ji Kantoni Stand(金枝黑輪店)

Add: No. 223, Qixian 3rd Road, Yancheng District, Kaohsiung City
Transportation: Take the metro to Yanchengpu Station (O2) Exit 2

4. 樺達奶茶(The acclaimed Hua-Da Milk Tea)


Taiwan is famous for handmade teas, and Huada Milk Tea is one of the most famous brands in Taiwan, with a history of over 35 years.


Hua-Da Milk Tea Main Shop(樺達奶茶鹽埕總店)

Add: No. 99, Xinyue Street, Yancheng District, Kaohsiung City
Transportation: Take the metro to Yanchengpu Station (O2) Exit 2

5. 六合夜市(Liouhe Night Market)


Of course it wouldn’t be a Taiwanese urban experience without a visit to a night market, and Kaohsiung’s Liouhe Night Market is definitely one of the best in Taiwan. In addition to being less crowded and way more relaxed than pretty much any major night market in Taipei, Liouhe also offers tons of fresh seafood cooked in a tantalizing variety of ways, as well as lots of tropical fruit items that are way easier to find down south than up north.


Liouhe Night Marke(六合夜市)

Add: Liouhe 2nd Rd. & Zhongshan 1st Rd. intersection, Xinxing District, Kaohsiung City
Transportation: Take the metro to Formosa Boulevard Station


Kaohsiung: Getting There (and Getting Around)

借用我們最喜歡的YouTuber Ryan George說過的一句話,到達高雄非常容易,幾乎不會有任何的不便。台灣高鐵的最後一站—「左營」,三鐵共構的區位,大幅提升交通的易達性和便利性。另外,高雄國際機場是一個重要的交通樞紐,雖然沒有台北桃園機場那麼大,但是每天都有往返台灣和世界各地的航班。當然,高雄還有公車、客運、火車的服務,不只是開往北方,還包括墾丁(位於島嶼南端)和台灣美麗的東海岸等熱門旅遊景點。

To borrow a phrase from our favorite Youtuber Ryan George,

getting to (and around) Kaohsiung is super easy, barely an inconvenience.

The city’s Zouying district is the last stop on Taiwan’s famous high-speed rail system, which is also served by the Kaohsiung Metro. Though not nearly as large as the Taoyuan air-port in the north, Kaohsiung’s international airport is an important transit hub with daily flights to and from destinations both in Taiwan and around the world. And of course, Kaohsiung is serviced by buses and regu-lar trains from not only all points north but also to popular travel spots like Kenting (on the southern tip of the island) and Taiwan’s beautiful east coast.


Kaohsiung’s Metro system is the second largest in Taiwan. The KMRT has two lines, with the shorter East-West line spanning from Sizihwan at the mouth of Kaohsiung Harbor to Daliao, in the city’s eastern sub-urbs. The longer North-South line stretches from Gangshan South station in the north to Siaogang station in the south. The two lines intersect at the Formosa Boulder Station, home of the famous Dome Of Lights installation and regarded by foreign media as one of the aesthetically pleasing metro stations in Asia.






※ 佛光山佛陀紀念館
電話: 07-656-3033

※ Fo Guang Shan Buddha Memorial Center ( 佛光山佛陀紀念館 )

Add: No. 1, Tongling Road, Dashu District, Kaohsiung City
Transportation: Take EdaBus 8501 or take Ha-Ho Express (哈佛快線) from Zuoying High Speed Railway Station and get off at Fo Guang Shan Buddha Memorial Center Station
Contact: 07-6563033



Further to the north sits the picturesque Hakka Village of Meinong, an airy, open stretch of agricultural space known for its culture, handicrafts, and of course, great Hakka cuisine. You can get there by bus from Zouying station, and rent a bicycle at the bus station in Meinong to really get a feel for what the area has to offer.

※ 美濃客家文物館

Meinong Hakka Cultural Museum(美濃客家文物館)

Add: No. 49-3, Minzu Road, Meinong District, Kaohsiung City
Transportation: Take bus E28 from Kaohsiung Main Station and get off at Meinong Station
Contact: 07-6818338~午後5時。